1. Explain the change of state from solid dry ice to carbon dioxide gas.2. The motion of the particles in dry ice and carbon dioxide gas.

3. Explain how the original mass of dry ice compares with the mass of carbon dioxide gas.


Answer 1

1. Since the solid carbon dioxide never become liquid on melting under normal pressure. Thus through the process of sublimation, the solid carbon dioxide changes to gas

2. The molecules in dry ice, are in caged like structure just as the normal water ice but as it melts, the CO2 molecules having high affinity for gaseous state converts into a gas.

3. Dry ice is heavier than its gaseous form. Density of dry ice = 97.6 lb/cu.ft.

Density of carbon dioxide gas = 0.1144 lb/cu.ft.

With higher density and a fixed volume, mass of dry ice is higher than the CO2 gas

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A 133 kg horizontal platform is a uniform disk of radius 1.95 m and can rotate about the vertical axis through its center. A 62.7 kg person stands on the platform at a distance of 1.19 m from the center, and a 28.5 kg dog sits on the platform near the person 1.45 m from the center. Find the moment of inertia of this system, consisting of the platform and its population, with respect to the axis.
wo balls have the same mass of 5.00 kg. Suppose that these two balls are attached to a rigid massless rod of length 2L, where L = 0.550 m. One is attached at one end of the rod and the other at the middle of the rod. If the rod is held by the open end and rotates in a circular motion with angular speed of 45.6 revolutions per second,
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A fully loaded, slow-moving freight elevator has a cab with a total mass of 1400 kg, which is required to travel upward 37 m in 3.6 min, starting and ending at rest. The elevator's counterweight has a mass of only 930 kg, so the elevator motor must help pull the cab upward. What average power is required of the force the motor exerts on the cab via the cable?

Which of these objects are constantly in motion? Select all that apply.A.







The object Earth,Sun, and Blood are constantly in motion. The correct option is A, D, and E.

What is motion?

if a body changes its position with respect to its surroundings in a given interval of time, Then the body is said to be in motion


Motion is generally classified as follows.:

i) Rectilinear motion.

ii) Circular motion.

iii) Rotational motion.

iv) Periodic motion.

The Earth is continuously in motion because it continuously revolves around The Sun in an elliptical orbit, due to which a year is 365 days. and also The earth rotates about its own axis once a day.

The Sun also revolves around the galactic center of our Milkyway galaxy. and it also rotates about its own axis continuously. so that the sun is also continuously in motion.

The Human blood is continuously in motion Because our blood is continuously circulating whole over the body with the help of our heart. The heart continuously pumps our blood and circulates it inside the human body.

Hence the Earth, Sun, and blood are continuously in motion.

To learn more about Motion click:



earth, blood, and the sun

Which statement would most likely be found in an advertisement from a
cell phone provider




The Olympias is a reconstruction of a trireme, a type of Greek galley ship used over 2000 years ago. The power P (in kilowatts) needed to propel the Olympias at a desired speed s (in knots) can be modeled by this equation: P = 0.0289s3 A volunteer crew of the Olympias was able to generate a maximum power of about 10.5 kilowatts. What was their greatest speed? Start a New Thread



7.13559 knots


Maximum power = 10.5 kilowatts



P = Power in kilowatts

s = Desired speed in knots

Here, P = 10.5 kW

10.5=0.0289s^3\n\Rightarrow s^3=(10.5)/(0.0289)\n\Rightarrow s=\left((10.5)/(0.0289)\right)^{(1)/(3)}\n\Rightarrow s=7.13559\ knots

The greatest speed of the Olympians was 7.13559 knots

Suppose that a particle accelerator is used to move two beams of particles in opposite directions. In a particular region, electrons move to the right at 6020 m/s and protons move to the left at 1681 m/s. The particles are evenly spaced with 0.0476 m between electrons and 0.0662 m between protons. Assuming that there are no collisions and that the interactions between the particles are negligible, what is the magnitude of the average current in this region



2.429783984* 10^(-14)\ A


Velocity of electron = 6020 m/s

Velocity of proton = 1681 m/s

Electron space = 0.0476 m

Proton space = 0.0662 m

e = Charge of particle = 1.6* 10^(-19)\ C

Number of electrons passing per second

n_e=(6020)/(0.0476)\n\Rightarrow n_e=126470.588

Number of protons passing per second

n_p=(1681)/(0.0662)\n\Rightarrow n_p=25392.749

Current due to electrons

I_e=n_ee\n\Rightarrow I_e=126470.588* 1.6* 10^(-19)\n\Rightarrow I_e=2.0235* 10^(-14)\ A

Current due to protons

I_p=n_pe\n\Rightarrow I_p=25392.749* 1.6* 10^(-19)\n\Rightarrow I_p=4.06283984* 10^(-15)\ A

Total current

I=2.0235* 10^(-14)+4.06283984* 10^(-15)\n\Rightarrow I=2.429783984* 10^(-14)\ A

The average current is 2.429783984* 10^(-14)\ A

Before the development of quantum theory, Ernest Rutherford's experiments with gold atoms led him to propose the so-called Rutherford Model of atomic structure. The basic idea is that the nucleus of the atom is a very dense concentration of positive charge, and that negatively charged electrons orbit the nucleus in much the same manner as planets orbit a star. His experiments appeared to show that the average radius of an electron orbit around the gold nucleus must be about 10−1010−10 m. Stable gold has 79 protons and 118 neutrons in its nucleus. What is the strength of the nucleus' electric field at the orbital radius of the electrons?
What is the kinetic energy of an electron in a circular orbit around the gold nucleus?



a)    F = -1.82 10⁻¹⁵ N,  b) K = 9.1 10⁻¹⁶ J


a) To calculate the force between the nucleus and the electrons, let's use the Coulomb equation

           F = k q Q / r²

as the nucleus occupies a very small volume compared to electrons, we can suppose it as punctual

let's calculate

          F = 9 10⁹ (-1.6 10⁻¹⁹) (79 1.6 10⁻¹⁹) / (10⁻¹⁰)²

          F = -1.82 10⁻¹⁵ N

b) they ask us for kinetic energy

let's use Newton's second law

         F = m a

acceleration is centripetal

         a = v² / r

we substitute

         F = m v² / r

         v = √ (F r / m)

         v = √ (1.82 10⁻¹⁵ 10⁻¹⁰ / 9.1 10⁻³¹)

         v = √ (0.2 10⁻¹⁶)

         v = 0.447 10⁸ m / s

kinetic energy is

          K = ½ m v²

          K = ½ 9.1 10⁻³¹ (0.447 10⁸)²

          K = 0.91 10⁻¹⁵ J

          K = 9.1 10⁻¹⁶ J

7: A 2 mA current passes through a 1.4 cm long solenoid producing a magnetic field of .162 G. How many turns are in the solenoid



The number of turns is 64449395


The expression for the solenoid formula is stated below, and it is what we are going to use to solve for the number of turns

B= μ₀nl

where B= magnetic field

           μ₀= permeability , 4π × 10⁻⁷ Henry

           n= number of turns

            l= length of coil

Given data

current I=  2 mA

length L= 1.4 cm to meter we have 0.014

magnetic field B= 0.162 T

From the expression we can make n subject of formula we have


Substituting we have

n= 0.162/4π × 10⁻⁷*2*10^-3

n= 0.162/8π × 10^⁻10

n= 0.162/2.5136*10^-9          

n= 64449395