Answer:

**Answer:**

Step 1: Identify the activities that generate costs

Step 2: Now we will find cost pools and their relevant cost drivers

Step 3: Assign the cost of each activity (cost pool) on a fair basis which is cost drivers

cost assigned to total products of A = **(**cost pool/total units of relevant cost driver consumed**)** *units of cost driver consumed by total # of Products A

Step 4: Divide the Answer from the step 3 by total units of product A produced to calculate unit cost

Step 5: Add prime cost per unit to it to calculate total unit cost of the product A

**Explanation:**

The costs in the ABC system are allocated to unit product on more fair basis than the tradition absorption costing which only assume one fair basis for allocation of overhead costs. ABC critisises traditional costing technique for using only one basis for absortion of Overheads.

Suppose both Mr. A and Mr. B drank 5 glasses of juices. Each glass of juice costs $4. According to the Traditional absorption costing technique each individual must pay:

(5 Juices/2)*$4=$10

But ABC says its unfair, use a more appropriate basis for cost allocation. So upon investigating we came to know that Mr. A drank 3 glasses of juice and Mr. B drank 2 glasses of juice. So Mr. A must pay $12(3*$4) and Mr. B must pay $8(2*$4). This is more appropriate or fair basis of absorbing the overhead cost to each individual and is Activity Based Costing.

This year Barney purchased 500 shares of Bell common stock for $20 per share. At year-end the Bell shares were only worth $2 per share. What amount can Barney deduct as a loss this year

Last year the imaginary nation of Freedonia had a population of 2,700 and real GDP of 16,200,000. This year it had a population of 2,500 and real GDP of 14,640,000. What was the growth rate of real GDP per person between last year and this year?

The beta of a security is calculated as: (_____ of a security’s return with the return on the market portfolio / _______).A. Variance; Covariance of the security returnB. Covariance; Standard deviation of the market returnC. Covariance; Variance of the market returnD. Variance; Covariance of the market returnE. Covariance; Variance of the security return

Will Presley sells management training classes to entrepreneurs and Fortune 1000 companies.Last quarter his sales were very disappointing.When asked,he admitted that his poor performance was directly related to his wife having a new baby.He had not the time to devote to sales that he should have.As a result of Will's poor performance in the last quarter,which of the following is likely to occur? A) His expectancy estimates will be higher and his instrumentality estimate will remain the same B) His instrumentality estimates will be lower and his expectancy estimates will remain the same C) His expectancy estimates for the next quarter will be lower D) Neither her expectancy nor instrumentality estimates will change E) His expectancy estimates for the next quarter will be higher

Arco Corporation declared a cash dividend on June 2 of $6 per common share. The company has 2,000 shares of common stock authorized, 1,000 shares issued, and 200 in the treasury. The entry to record the declaration of the cash dividend increases a(n)

Last year the imaginary nation of Freedonia had a population of 2,700 and real GDP of 16,200,000. This year it had a population of 2,500 and real GDP of 14,640,000. What was the growth rate of real GDP per person between last year and this year?

The beta of a security is calculated as: (_____ of a security’s return with the return on the market portfolio / _______).A. Variance; Covariance of the security returnB. Covariance; Standard deviation of the market returnC. Covariance; Variance of the market returnD. Variance; Covariance of the market returnE. Covariance; Variance of the security return

Will Presley sells management training classes to entrepreneurs and Fortune 1000 companies.Last quarter his sales were very disappointing.When asked,he admitted that his poor performance was directly related to his wife having a new baby.He had not the time to devote to sales that he should have.As a result of Will's poor performance in the last quarter,which of the following is likely to occur? A) His expectancy estimates will be higher and his instrumentality estimate will remain the same B) His instrumentality estimates will be lower and his expectancy estimates will remain the same C) His expectancy estimates for the next quarter will be lower D) Neither her expectancy nor instrumentality estimates will change E) His expectancy estimates for the next quarter will be higher

Arco Corporation declared a cash dividend on June 2 of $6 per common share. The company has 2,000 shares of common stock authorized, 1,000 shares issued, and 200 in the treasury. The entry to record the declaration of the cash dividend increases a(n)

**Answer:**

From Year 1 to Year 2 : There is annual __deflation __11.11%

As price falls, value of money __rises __

**Explanation:**

Given : Commodity Basket Cost = $9 in Year 1 ; Commodity Basket Cost = $8 in Year 2

From Year 1 to Year 2 : There has been fall in price level. Proportionate (%) Fall in price level = Change in Price / Old Price x 100

So, Fall in price level = [ ( 9 - 8 ) / 9] x 100 = 1/9 x 100 = 11.11%

Hence, from year 1 to year 2 : there has been **11%** fall in price i.e **Deflation **

Considering Income = $72 :

- Year 1 : It can purchase 72 / 9 = 8 commodity baskets
- Year 2 : It can purchase 72 / 8 = 9 commodity baskets

So, it illustrates that : As price falls, the purchasing power of money (**value** of money) **rises**.

Ken is determined not to have employees work on Sunday, but he would like to know the opportunity cost of not working on Saturday. Provide Ken with an estimate of the opportunity cost, and explain why you do not have to consider rent or depreciation of office equipment in your estimate.

**Answer:**

Parrish Plumbing

1. Opportunity cost of not working on Saturday:

= $52,000 per year.

2. Parrish's monthly rent or depreciation related to office equipment are not considered because they are not incremental costs. Non-incremental costs do not make any difference to the decision to work on Saturday or not. Therefore, the costs are regarded as sunk, because they must be incurred no matter the decision. They are therefore irrelevant and non-variable in nature.

**Explanation:**

Daily revenue = $2,500

less relevant or incremental expenses:

Labor $700

Parts 500

Transport 100

Office staff 200 (1,500)

Incremental profit $1,000 per week

Annual incremental profit = $52,000 (52 * $1,000) or opportunity cost

The opportunity cost of not working on Saturday for Parrish Plumbing is $52,000, which is the foregone profit. This is calculated by subtracting operation costs from potential revenue. Sunk costs like rent or depreciation are not considered as they don’t affect incremental costs.

To calculate the **opportunity cost** of not working on Saturday for Parrish Plumbing, we need to subtract the total costs associated with working on Saturday from the total revenue that could be generated if work was done on that day. Ken is projecting a daily revenue of $2500 for each Saturday they would be opened for 52 Saturdays in a year, giving a total annual revenue of $130,000 ($2500 * 52).

The costs for staying open on Saturday include $700 for labor, $500 for parts, $100 for transportation, and $200 for office staff which totals to $1500. Therefore, the net profit for working on a Saturday would be the revenue ($2500) subtracted by the costs ($1500), which gives us $1000. Over 52 Saturdays in a year, this amounts to $52,000 ($1000 * 52). The $52,000 is the opportunity cost of not working on Saturday. This represents the amount of profit Ken is foregoing to give his employees the day off.

Regarding why we don’t need to consider rent or depreciation of office equipment, those are considered **sunk costs**. Sunk costs are expenses that have already been incurred and cannot be recovered. These costs do not change regardless of business operations, hence, they are not relevant when considering incremental costs for extra operation days.

#SPJ3

Answer:

The amount of effective interest expense that chaco will record in the first six months is $14,375

Explanation:

interest payment that will be first made is on June 30, Year 1. Therefore, the outstanding balance used in the calculation is the issue price.

The interest expense is calculated by these formula

Interest expense = Effective semiannual interest rate × Outstanding balance

Interest expense = (8% ÷ 2) × $359,378 = $14,375

So the interest expense is gotten as %14,375

The Chaco Company will record an effective interest expense of $14,375.12 for the six months ended June 30, Year 1.

The effective interest method is a technique used for discounting bonds. This method is used to calculate the amount of **interest expense** for a specific time period. In this case, we are finding the effective interest for the six months ended June 30, Year 1 on a bond issued by the Chaco Company.

The formula for the effective interest method is: Book value of the bond at the beginning of the period X Yield rate/Number of periods per year.

The **book value** of the bond at the beginning of the time period (January 1, Year 1) was $359,378. The yield was 8% and there are two periods in the year because the interest is paid semiannually.

So, the effective interest for the six months ended June 30, Year 1 = $359,378 * 8%/2 = $14,375.12.

Therefore, the amount of effective interest expense that Chaco will record for the six months ended June 30, Year 1 is $14,375.12.

#SPJ3

**Answer:**

No

**Explanation:**

In a competitive market, price should be a function of variable/marginal costs not fixed costs.

**Answer:**

**$2,479,600**

**Explanation:**

The computation of the operating activities via indirect method is shown below:

**Cash flow from operating activities**

Net income = $2,300,000

Add : Depreciation for the year $157,100

Add: Decrease in account receivable $329,900

Less: Decrease in account payable -$302,000

Net cash flow provided by operating activities **$2,479,600**

a. 2/3 gallon

b. 5/7 gallon

c. 1 1/2 gallons

d. 1 2/5 gallons

of root beer, and Susan's opportunity cost of making a pizza is ?

a. 2/3 gallon

b. 5/7 gallon

c. 1 1/2 gallons

d. 1 2/5 gallons

of root beer.

Who has an absolute advantage in making pizza, and who has a comparative advantage in making pizza?

**Answer:**

**a. 2/3 gallon****b. 5/7 gallon**

**Explanation:**

1. Megan takes 3 hours to brew a gallon of root beer and 2 hours to make a pizza.

If she makes a pizza therefore, that is 2 hours that could have been used to make a gallon of root beer. However, it takes 3 hours to make a complete gallon so in those 2 hours only;

= 2/3 gallons would have been made

2. Susan takes 7 hours to brew a gallon of root beer and 5 hours to make a pizza.

Like Megan above, the 5 hours that would be used for Pizza would have gone towards making a gallon of beer. If it takes 7 hours to make a gallon then those 5 hours would have made;

= 5/7 gallons of root beer.

**3. Absolute Advantage: Megan**

The person with the absolute advantage is the person that can produce more goods with the same amount of costs. Megan can make more pizza in a smaller amount of time than Susan so she has Absolute advantage.

**Comparative Advantage: Megan **

The person with a Comparative advantage is the one that has the lowest opportunity cost when producing a good. Megan again has a lower opportunity cost with an opportunity cost of 2/3 gallons.