You are the CFO of a publicly-traded company in a very competitive industry. You are preparing the annual report and SEC filings and you are carefully considering how much information to provide. You fear that your competitors could gain some advantage if you present too much detail but you know that investors want more detail so they can evaluate the business (and management) performance. How do you handle these conflicting elements?


Answer 1


Investors structure is a significant part of an organization. In this manner, it is important to provide the significant data so they can take inform decision. The yearly report give the imperative data the utilization of which they can shape solid justification for taking choices. In any case, most of the time, dominant part of the investors/speculators barely spend their valuable time on examining every single figure gave in the financials. They experience the nuts and bolts and basics as it were. In this manner just material realities must be unveiled in the reports as contenders might be peering toward on the subtleties. That is, it is significant not to reveal the "exchange insider facts" of the organization in its reports. A lot of data prompts data over-burden with which contenders may exploit. It ought to likewise be dealt with that what must be incorporated is incorporated as a general rule.

Answer 2

Final answer:

As a CFO of a publicly-traded company, one should focus on providing meaningful and relevant information to shareholders without revealing strategic specifics that would benefit competitors. This balance can be achieved through effective disclosure management.


As the CFO of a publicly-traded company, you must balance between sharing too much information which can aid your competitors and offering comprehensive details to investors for performance evaluation. The key to resolving this conflict lies in disclosure management. More specifically, you should focus on providing meaningful and relevant information to support investors' decision-making without revealing strategic specifics that would help competitors. For example, quantitative information related to sales, cost, profit, and balance sheet items could be released, along with commentary on operational and financial performance. However, strategic plans, detailed product plans and similar items that could give an advantage to competitors should not be disclosed.

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Related Questions

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Being an effective team leader means satisfying a demand set of essential operating responsibilities and requirements while still promoting the creativity, leadership ability, and cohesiveness of team members.A. True B. False
At a sales level of $270,000, the magnitude of operating leverage for Donuts Unlimited is 2.8. If sales increase by 15%, profits will increase by:a. 15%b. 18.67%c. 2.8%d. 42%
Suppose the most you would be willing to pay to have a freshly washed car before going out on a date is $8.00. The smallest amount for which you would be willing to wash someone else's car is $5.50. You are going out this evening and your car is dirty. How much economic surplus would you receive from washing it
Which of the following assumptions is likely to be met in the real world? Group of answer choices All labor has zero costs of mobility. Demand for labor is identical in every labor market. All labor is homogeneous. Nonpecuniary factors in each job are not the same.

When a company has become proficient in modifying, upgrading, or deepening the company's resources and capabilities in response to its changing environment and market opportunities, it is called a dynamic capability. core competence. distinct competence. strategic assessment. competitive strength matrix.



Dynamic capability


Dynamic capability is a situation when a company has the ability to use all environmental factors effectively to meet the current changing world.

It is a situation where company has become proficient in modifying, upgrading, or deepening the company's resources and capabilities in response to its changing environment and market opportunities.

The firm uses both the internal and external factors to its benefit while suiting the changing environment.

An activity being analyzed under PERT was judged to most likely have a duration of 40 days. When considering the time it would take to complete the activity if every relevant factor went well, it was estimated to be able to be doable in 20 days and even under the worst case imaginable, the task would be take 50 days. The estimates PERT duration of that activity is:



38.33 days


The PERT method is a common method used to determine the weighted mean or average of three different values of a parameter to calculate a final estimate. Therefore, in the question shown above, the PERT duration can be estimated as:

PERT duration = (20+4*40+50)/6 = (20+160+50)/6 = 38.33 days.

Thus, for the given activity, the PERT duration is approximately 38.33 days.

Wingate Company, a wholesale distributor of electronic equipment, has been experiencing losses for some time, as shown by its most recent monthly contribution format income statement: Sales $ 1,000,000 Variable expenses 390,000 Contribution margin 610,000 Fixed expenses 625,000 Net operating income (loss) $ (15,000 ) In an effort to resolve the problem, the company would like to prepare an income statement segmented by division. Accordingly, the Accounting Department has developed the following information: Division East Central West Sales $ 250,000 $ 400,000 $ 350,000 Variable expenses as a percentage of sales 52 % 30 % 40 % Traceable fixed expenses $ 160,000 $ 200,000 $ 175,000 Required: 1. Prepare a contribution format income statement segmented by divisions. 2-a. The Marketing Department has proposed increasing the West Division's monthly advertising by $15,000 based on the belief that it would increase that division's sales by 20%. Assuming these estimates are accurate, how much would the company's net operating income increase (decrease) if the proposal is implemented? 2-b. Would you recommend the increased advertising?



\left[\begin{array}{ccccc}&East&Central&West&Total\nSales&250000&400000&350000&1000000\nVariable Cost&-130000&-120000&-140000&-390000\nContribution&120000&280000&210000&610000\nTracable fixed&-160000&-200000&-175000&-535000\nOperating Income&-40000&80000&35000&75000\nCommon&&&&-90000\nNet Income&&&&-15000\n\end{array}\right]

Income Smatement will increase by 27,000

Therefore to 13,000 net income from 15,000 net loss.

I would recommended.


We will calcualte the contribution per division and the opèrating income at division level. Then, we apply the common fixed cost and get the net income.

Increase of West division sales by 20%

350,000 x 20% = 70,000

70,000 x ( 1-40%) = 42,000 increase in contribution

less 15,000 adertizing cost: 27,000

Answer: (1) Divisional segmented margin East ($40,000) Central $80,000, West $35,000 (2) incremental profit $27,000 (b ) I would recommend the increased advertising because it would increase profit by $27,000


East. Central. West. Total

Sales 250,000. 400,000. 350,000. 1,000,000


Expenses 130,000. 120,000. 140,000. 390,000

---------------- ------------------ ------------------- -------------------


Margin. 120,000. 280,000. 210,000. 610,000

Traceable fixed

Expenses. 160,000. 200,000. 175,000. 535,000


Segmented margin (40,000) 80,000. 35,000. 75,000

Common fixed

Expenses not traceable to

Division. - - - 90,000

Net operating income (loss) - - - (15,000)

Working of common fixed expenses not traceable to division

Fixed Expenses - Total traceable fixed expenses

625,000 - 535,000 = 90,000


Incremental contribution (0.2 × 210,000) 42,000

Less : Fixed cost. 15,000


Incremental profit. 27,000


(b) I would recommend the increased advertising because it would increase profit by $27,000

Brandon Ramirez wants to set up a scholarship at his alma mater. He is willing to invest $320,000 in an account earning 11 percent. What will be the annual scholarship that can be given from this investment





Given that

Invested amount = $320,000

Rate of interest = 11%

So by considering the above information, the amount of annual scholarship that can be given from this investment is  

= Invested amount × Rate of interest

= $110,000 × 11%

= $35,200

By multiplying the invested amount with the rate of interest we can find out the annual scholarship amount

The projected cash flow for the next year for Minesuah Inc. is $100,000, and FCF is expected to grow at a constant rate of 6%. If the company's weighted average cost of capital is 11%, what is the value of its operations?





Menesuah incorporation has a projected cash flow of $100,000

FCF is expected to grow at a constant rate of 6%

The weighted average cost of capital is 11%

Therefore the value of its operation can be calculated as follows

= 100,000/(11/100-6/100)

= 100,000/0.11-0.06

= 100,000/0.05

= $2,000,000

Hence the value of its operation is $2,000,000

Consider a firm's short-run cost curves. If average total cost is increasing as output rises, thenSelect one:
a. total fixed costs must be increasing
b. average variable cost must be increasing,
c. marginal cost must be below average total cost.
d. average fixed costs must be increasing.
e, average total cost is no longer equal to the sum of average variable cost and average fixed cost.​


Option (a) total fixed costs must be increasing if the average total cost is increasing as output rises.

What happens to the average fixed cost when production increases in the short term?

In the short term, as a company's output increases, its average fixed cost decreases. Fixed costs remain the same regardless of the number of products produced. As performance improves, the fixed cost contribution per unit decreases.

On the short-term curve, much of the initial downslope is due to lower average fixed costs. Increasing the variable input return at low output levels also plays a role, but the slope is due to the decreasing limit variable input return.

Learn more about average total cost at


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