The blueprint of genetic code is known as

Answers

Answer 1
Answer:

Answer:

messenger RNA

Explanation:

Answer 2
Answer:

Answer:

messenger RNA (mRNA)

Explanation:

mRNA is responsible for transcribing the bases of DNA into a blueprint for making proteins


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You are caring for a child with acute lymphoblastic leukemia. She has been genotyped and is homozygous for a TPMT polymorphism, producing very little of the enzyme needed for this drug's metabolism. How would you expect this to affect dosing of the drug 6-mercaptopurine? a. This child should receive only a small fraction of the standard dose. b. This child should receive higher doses than the standard dose. c. This child should receive the standard dose. d. This child should receive the drug intravenously rather than orally.

Answers

Answer:

This child should receive only a small fraction of the standard dose.

Explanation:

Acute lymphoblastic leukemia may be defined as the cancer in which the bone marrow continuously divide and results in the formation of large number of lymphocytes. This may also effect the red blood cells as well as platelets.

6-mercaptopurine drug is used for the treatment of the acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Since, child does not have enough enzyme for the metabolism of this drug, only the small amount of the standard dose of this drug for the cancer treatment.

Thus, the correct answer is option (b).

The ____________ is sometimes called the "funny bone" because of the tingling sensation (pain) one feels if the ____________ is bumped. The ____________ passes underneath this bony landmark.

Answers

Answer:

Ulnar nerve is also called funny bone and feels tingling sensation if humerus is bumbed. Medial epicondyle passes underneath this bony structure.

Explanation:

The funny bone isn't actually a bone, its actually a nerve that touches your humerus.It is the ulnar nerve, which travels down the arm posteriorly and eventually reaches the "cubital tunnel" and at this location (between the trochlea and medial epicondyle of humerus),  ulnar nerve is called funny bone.

The nerve is relatively unprotected at this place.

A blow here may produce a tingling or a numbing sensation throughout the forearm and hand.

Hence, Ulnar nerve is also called funny bone and feels tingling sensation if humerus is bumbed. Medial epicondyle passes underneath this bony structure.

Final answer:

The ulnar nerve, sometimes called the "funny bone," causes tingling sensation when the elbow is bumped.

Explanation:

The ulnar nerve is sometimes called the "funny bone" because of the tingling sensation (pain) one feels if the elbow is bumped. The ulnar nerve passes underneath this bony landmark.

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What will most likely happen if the plankton population decreases in this ocean system​

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Answer: The shrimp population would decrease.

Explanation:

Why is it impossible for humans to digest food that contains cellulose?

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Answer:

      The right answer to this question is: we don't have a specific enzyme called Cellulase.

Explanation:

        An enzyme is basically a system known as lock and key mechanism. It works like this: every single enzyme has its own form, and there's only one way of getting into it for the digestion to happen, the substrate needs to complete this system, as a key on a lock, and once this happens, the digestion can start. But humans don't have this enzyme, if they don't have it, the digestion won't happen in this case. Well known animals that have it are the ruminants, they can digest cellulose easily because they have the specific enzyme called cellulase.

Answer:

it impossible for humans to digest the food that contains cellulose because they do have an enzyme which is required to break beta acetal linkage.

Explanation:

cellulose is a polysaccharide and it is synthesized by animals, plants and in plant cell wall major component is cellulose.

it impossible for humans to digest the food that contains cellulose because they do have an enzyme which is required to break beta acetal linkage.

Ruminants such as cows in the rumen symbiotic anaerobic bacteria are present, cellulases enzyme is produced by these bacteria, that help to digest the cellulose.

Without a plateau extending the refractory period in cardiac muscles sarcomeres might be stimulated so quickly that they would contract and not relax and instead would experience a sustained contraction also called:1) depolarization
2) Tetany
3) relaxation
4) repolarization

Answers

Answer:

Tetany

Explanation

The refractory period in the heart refers to the shortest interval between consecutive contraction conducted impulses out of the cardiac muscle.

It is important because it allows adjustments to stimuli and limits amount of action potential sent per minute.

Without a plateau extending the refractory period in the cardiac muscles.

Sarcomeres might be stimulated to contract instead of relaxing leading to sustained contraction also called Tetany.

Tetany is an involuntary muscle cramp or contraction caused by overly stimulated nerves.

Select the answer option that lists the levels of genetic information in order from smallest to largest.a. genome; gene; chromosome; DNA strand
b. gene; DNA strand; chromosome; genome
c. DNA strand; gene; genome; chromosome
d. gene; chromosome; DNA strand; genome
e. DNA strand; chromosome; gene; genome

Answers

Answer:

b. gene; DNA strand; chromosome; genome

Explanation:

The smallest unit in genetic structure will be gene which is a segment of DNA. After that comes DNA strand which may contain one or more genes. A chromosome is a larger structure as compared to a DNA strand because a chromosome contains two DNA strands which are joined at centromere. All the chromosomes in an individual collectively form genome so genome is an even larger term when it comes to genetic information.

Final answer:

Genetic information can be organized from smallest to largest as follows: DNA strand, gene, chromosome, and genome. The correct answer from your list is 'b'.

Explanation:

The levels of genetic information, organized from smallest to largest, are as follows: DNA strand, gene, chromosome, and genome. Let's break it down step by step:

  1. DNA strand: This is the smallest level and forms the building blocks of genetic information.
  2. Gene: Genes consist of a length of DNA that codes for a specific protein or function.
  3. Chromosome: A chromosome is a combination of many genes and is packaged into a single structure. Humans have 46 chromosomes.
  4. Genome: The genome is the complete set of genetic material in an organism. It includes all the genes and chromosomes.

Therefore, the correct answer from your list would be option 'b': gene, DNA strand, chromosome, genome.

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