A manufacturer of college textbooks is interested in estimating the strength of the bindings produced by a particular binding machine. Strength can be measured by recording the force required to pull the pages from the binding. If this force is measured in pounds, how many books should be tested to estimate the average force required to break the binding to within 0.08 lb with 99% confidence? Assume that σ is known to be 0.72. (Exact answer required.)


Answer 1


538 books should be tested.

Step-by-step explanation:

We have that to find our \alpha level, that is the subtraction of 1 by the confidence interval divided by 2. So:

\alpha = (1-0.99)/(2) = 0.005

Now, we have to find z in the Ztable as such z has a pvalue of 1-\alpha.

So it is z with a pvalue of 1-0.005 = 0.995, so z = 2.575

Now, find the margin of error M as such

M = z*(\sigma)/(√(n))

In which \sigma is the standard deviation of the population and n is the size of the sample.

How many books should be tested to estimate the average force required to break the binding to within 0.08 lb with 99% confidence?

n books should be tested.

n is found when M = 0.08

We have that \sigma = 0.72

M = z*(\sigma)/(√(n))

0.08 = 2.575*(0.72)/(√(n))

0.08√(n) = 2.575*0.72

√(n) = (2.575*0.72)/(0.08)

(√(n))^(2) = ((2.575*0.72)/(0.08))^(2)

n = 537.1

Rounding up

538 books should be tested.

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