# 1. Two charges Q1( + 2.00 μC) and Q2( + 2.00 μC) are placed along the x-axis at x = 3.00 cm and x=-3 cm. Consider a charge Q3 of charge +4.00 μC and mass 10.0 mg moving along the y-axis. If Q3 starts from rest at y = 2.00 cm, what is its speed when it reaches y = 4.00 cm?

speed when it reaches y = 4.00cm is

v = 14.9 g.m/s

Explanation:

given

q₁=q₂ =2.00 ×10⁻⁶

distance along x = 3.00cm= 3×10⁻²

q₃= 4×10⁻⁶C

mass= 10×10 ⁻³g

distance along y = 4×10⁻²m

r₁ = = = 3.61cm = 0.036m

r₂ = = = 5cm = 0.05m

electric potential V =

change in potential ΔV =

ΔV = , where 2.00μC

ΔV =

ΔV = 2 × 9×10⁹ × 2×10⁻⁶ ×

ΔV= 2.789×10⁵

= ΔV × q₃

ˣ 10×10⁻³ ×v² = 2.789×10⁵× 4 ×10⁻⁶

v² = 223.12 g.m/s

v = 14.9 g.m/s

The speed of the charge q₃ when it starts from rest at y = 2 cm and reaches y = 4 cm is; v = 14.89 m/s

We are given;

Charge 1; q₁ = 2.00 μC = 2 × 10⁻⁶ C

Charge 2; q₂ = 2.00 μC = 2 × 10⁻⁶ C

Distance of charge 1 along x = 3 cm = 3 × 10⁻² m

Distance of charge 2 along x = -3 cm = -3 × 10⁻² m

Charge 3; q₃ = +4.00 μC  = 4 × 10⁻⁶ C

mass; m = 0.01 g

distance of charge 3 along y = 4 cm = 4 × 10⁻² m

q₃ starts from rest at y = 2 × 10⁻² m and reaches y = 4 × 10⁻² m.

Thus;

Distance of charge 1 from the initial position of q₃;

r₁ = √((3 × 10⁻²)² + ((2 × 10⁻²)²)

r₁ = 0.0361 m

Distance of charge 2 from the final position of q₃;

r₂ = √((3 × 10⁻²)² + ((4 × 10⁻²)²)

r₂ = 0.05 m

Now, formula for electric potential is;

V = kq/r

Where k = 9 × 10⁹ N.m²/s²

Thus,change in potential is;

ΔV = V₁ - V₂

Now, Net V₁ = 2kq₁/r₁

Net V₂ = 2kq₂/r₂

Thus;

ΔV = 2kq₁/r₁ - 2kq₂/r₂

ΔV = (2 × 9 × 10⁹)[(2 × 10⁻⁶/0.0361) - (2 × 10⁻⁶/0.05)]

ΔV = 277229.92 V

Now, from conservation of energy;

½mv² = q₃ΔV

Thus;

½ × 0.01 × v² = 4 × 10⁻⁶ × 277229.92

v² = 2 × 4 × 10⁻⁶ × 277229.92/0.01

v = √(221.783936)

v = 14.89 m/s

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The uniform crate has a mass of 50 kg and rests on the cart having an inclined surface. Determine the smallest acceleration that will cause the crate either to tip or slip relative to the cart. What is the magnitude of this acceleration

Explanation:

Let g = acceleration due to gravity = 9.81 m/s², x = half of the width of the crate, half of the height of the crate  = 0.5 m, a = acceleration of crate, N = force raising the crate

The sum of moment is given as:

Sum of vertical forces is zero, hence:

Sum of horizontal force is zero, hence:

Solving equation 1, 2 and 3 simultaneously gives :

N = 447.8 N, a = 2.01 m/s², x = 0.25 m

x is supposed to be 0.3 m (0.6/2)

The crate would slip because x <0.3 m

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If you see Sagittarius high in your night sky on June 20 and today is your birthday, what is your zodiac constellation?

Gemini

Explanation:

Zodiac Constellation or Sun sign is the constellation in which the Sun resides on the date of birth of a person. Throughout the year the Sun crosses across 12 constellations thus there are 12 Sun-signs. Though astronomically the Sun crosses across 13 constellations so there should be 13 zodiacs but most of the astrologers do not accept this. On the date of June 20, the Sagittarius which is a summer constellation and a zodiac can be seen high up in the sky in the night time. At this time the Sun will be in a constellation which is almost opposite to Sagittarius in the celestial sphere. That constellation is Gemini. Thus for a person born on 20 June, zodiac will be Gemini.

A twirlers baton is 0.76 m long and spins around its center. The end of the baton has a centripetal acceleration of 47.8 m/s2?A 0.31 s
B 0.56 s
C 4.3s
D 70s

B 0.56 s is the time period of a twirlers baton.

### What is Centripetal Acceleration?

Centripetal acceleration is defined as the property of the motion of an object which traversing a circular path.

Any object that is moving in a circle and has an acceleration vector pointed towards the center of that circle is known as Centripetal acceleration.

The centripetal acceleration is given by:

a = 4π²R/T²

Given values are:

a = 47.8 m/s²

D = 0.76 m  so , R = 0.76/2 = 0.38m

Using this formula,

47.8*T² = 4π² x0.38

T² =

T = 0.56 s

Therefore,

A twirlers baton is 0.76 m long and spins around its center. The end of the baton has a centripetal acceleration of 47.8 m/s2 which have  time period of 0.56 s.