Suppose that Spain and Germany both produce jeans and shoes. Spain's opportunity cost of producing a pair of shoes is 3 pairs of jeans while Germany's opportunity cost of producing a pair of shoes is 11 pairs of jeans.By comparing the opportunity cost of producing shoes in the two countries, you can tell that ------- has a comparative advantage in the production of shoes and ------ has a comparative advantage in the production of jeans. Suppose that Spain and Germany consider trading shoes and jeans with each other. Spain can gain from specialization and trade as long as it receives more than ------ of jeans for each pair of shoes it exports to Germany. Similarly, Germany can gain from trade as long as it receives more than--------- of shoes for each pair of jeans it exports to Spain. Based on your answer to the last question, which of the following prices of trade (that is, price of shoes in terms of jeans) would allow both Germany and Spain to gain from trade? 4 pairs of jeans per pair of shoes, 1 pair of jeans per pair of shoes, 6 pairs of jeans per pair of shoes, 2 pairs of jeans per pair of shoes
By comparing the opportunity cost of producing shoes in the two countries, you can tell that SPAIN has a comparative advantage in the production of shoes and GERMANY has a comparative advantage in the production of jeans.
Suppose that Spain and Germany consider trading shoes and jeans with each other. Spain can gain from specialization and trade as long as it receives more than 3 PAIRS of jeans for each pair of shoes it exports to Germany. Similarly, Germany can gain from trade as long as it receives more than ¹/₁₁ PAIR of shoes for each pair of jeans it exports to Spain.
Based on your answer to the last question, which of the following prices of trade (that is, price of shoes in terms of jeans) would allow both Germany and Spain to gain from trade?
4 pairs of jeans per pair of shoes
6 pairs of jeans per pair of shoes
Opportunity costs refer to the extra costs or benefits lost resulting from choosing one investment or activity over another alternative. In this case, if Spain specializes in the production of shoes, it will not produce jeans anymore. The opposite would happen to Germany.
Jan's Dry Cleaning holds $10,000 on a typical day, although only $2,000 is essential for carrying out business. Making a midday deposit is estimated to reduce cash holdings to $8,000 and cost an extra $80 per year in lost production. If, in addition, an armored car service is engaged to pick up cash more frequently for a fee of $120 per year, cash holdings will be further reduced to $6,000 per day. Employing a computerized cash management service for an annual fee of $180 would reduce cash holdings further to $4,000. If any reduction in cash holdings will be invested in government bonds earning 3 percent, then how much money should Jan's hold?
If holding is $10000,
Reduction in cash holding = (10000-10000) = 0
Interest earned in government bonds=(Reduction in holdings) × 0.03 =0
Cost of deposits = 0
Additional benefit = (interest earned - cost of deposit)
Additional benefit = 0-0 = 0
Making a mid day deposit;
Reduction in cash holding = (10000-8000) = $2000
Interest earned in government bonds = Reduction in holdings × 0.03
= 2000 × 0.03 =$60
Cost of deposits=$80
Using a armored car service;
Reduction in cash holding=(10000-6000)=4000
Interest earned in government bonds= 4000 × 0.03 = $120
Cost of deposits=$120
Additional benefit=120 - 120= $0
Using computerized cash management service;
Reduction in cash holding=(10000-4000)=6000
Interest earned in government bonds;
6000 × 0.03 = $180
Cost of deposits=$180
Additional benefit=180 - 180=$0
Additional benefit is maximized in case of both computerized management service and armor vehicle . So, Optimal cash holding is $6000
As the Managing Director of SXSW, Roland Swenson sells advertising to other businesses in an effort to promote SXSW’s music festival and the other companies’ products. This exchange of promotional activity is referred to as business-to-business.a. sales promotion. b. prospecting. c. relationship building. d. sampling. e. public relations.
The correct answer is letter "A": sales promotion.
Sales promotion is the marketing technique in which the benefits or special features of a product or service are provided to potential customers directly. In some cases, the sales promotion also is provided to the distribution channel so later the distribution channel reuses the information obtained to promote the same goods or services to the final customers.
A Swiss watch company advertises its history of superior craftsmanship. The company thinks that this would a. Make the demand for the product less elastic b. Make the customers less sensitive to the price c. Assist them with differentiating their product d. All of the above
The correct answer is letter "B": Make the customers less sensitive to the price.
There are several reasons that could make products become elastic or inelastic. Reputation typically makes goods and services be considered inelastic. These types of products do not see a change in their quantity demanded in front of changes in price.
Thus, if a Swiss watch company promotes their history of superior craftsmanship is attempting to aware consumers about its watch quality and reputation so if they decide to increase prices consumers will be less sensitive to the change.
An annuity that goes on indefinitely is called a perpetuity. The payments of a perpetuity constitute a/an series. The equation is: A stock with no maturity is an example of a perpetuity. Quantitative Problem: You own a security that provides an annual dividend of $115 forever. The security’s annual return is 5%. What is the present value of this security? Round your answer to the nearest cent. $
The present value of security is $2300
The value or price of the perpetuity today is calculated by dividing the constant cash flow it provides per period by the interest rate or the rate of return (r). Thus the price of this perpetuity according to the formula will be,
Value of perpetuity = Cash flow / r
Value of perpetuity = 115 / 0.05
Value of perpetuity = $2300
In an efficient market, professional portfolio management can offer all of the following benefits except which of the following? A. A superior risk-return trade-off B. Low-cost diversification C. A targeted risk level D. Low-cost record keeping
A. A superior risk-return trade-off
In a normal and efficient market a professional portfolio management service is able to offer Low-cost diversification, A targeted risk level, and even a Low-cost record keeping. What they cannot offer is a superior risk-return trade-off, this is because risk-return holds a very correlated trade-off in which the higher amount of risk your portfolio holds the higher returns you can get from it, but this does not get rid of the risk which can cause you to lose all of your money. Therefore "superior" is unnachievable.
Home Security Systems is analyzing the purchase of manufacturing equipment that will cost $38,000. The annual cash inflows for the next three years will be: Year Cash Flow 1 $ 19,000 2 17,000 3 12,000 Use Appendix B and Appendix D for an approximate answer but calculate your final answer using the financial calculator method. a. Determine the internal rate of return. (Do not round intermediate calculations. Enter your answer as a percent rounded to 2 decimal places.) b. With a cost of capital of 14 percent, should the equipment be purchased? No Yes
The internal rate of return is the discount rate that equates the after tax cash flows from an investment to the amount invested.
Using a financial calculator to find the IRR :
Cash flow for year zero = $-38,000.
Cash flow for year one = $ 19,000
Cash flow for year two = $17,000
Cash flow for year three = $12,000
IRR = 13. 74%
If the cost of capital is 14%, the equipment shouldn't be purchased because the IRR is less than the cost of capital.